Agricultural soil management impacts carbon dioxide emissions and can help mitigate the effects of climate change. Limiting soil disturbance during food production can increase soil carbon levels over the long-term (decades) due to short-term (i.e., seasonal) sequestration of carbon dioxide. In order to determine the rate of carbon dioxide sequestration, micrometeorological stations were set up in two adjacent fields. These stations continuously record the environmental components necessary to complete the Bowen’s ratio energy balance equations for the fields, both of which are cropped in maize-bean rotations, one under no-till management and the other plowed. Comparison of the transfer of energy throughout the two different cropping systems over the course of the cropping cycle indicated the suspected superiority of no-till systems for maximizing the carbon dioxide uptake of agricultural systems, but only if the plow (and tillage) is abandoned. Other benefits of soil management include improved food security.
In 1933 the Tennessee Valley Authority constructed a model community, Norris, Tennessee, as part of the Norris Dam construction project. A key feature of this New Deal village was the Norris House, a series of homes built as models for modern and efficient living. In light of the 75th anniversary of the Norris Project, an interdisciplinary team of UTK students and faculty are revisiting the Norris paradigm to create A New Norris House - a sustainable home for the 21st century. Phases include research, design, construction and evaluation to identify and address hurdles to sustainable architectural production and dwelling. The process implements interdisciplinary curricula centered on applied research, government and industry partnerships, and academically based community outreach. Contemporary life creates environmental and societal challenges and technological opportunities similar to those of the New Deal era. A New Norris House confronts both old and new issues to address impediments to the adoption of sustainable principles in existing communities.
Biological molecules are the engines that control life. Biochemistry has evolved to study just how that happens. Researchers are interested in the way our bodies fight injury and battle disease during clot formation and wound healing, the inflammatory response and cancer. In particular, our laboratory focuses on the structure and function of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), the main regulator of blood clot lysis. We are unraveling the role of other proteins/cofactors in regulating PAI-1 activity. If left unregulated, PAI-1 would lead to bleeding disorders and inappropriate activities in tissues throughout the body. How do we tackle these problems? State-of-the art structural and computational tools are employed to address PAI-1 binding with its cofactors to understand the way that intimate details of protein shape guide molecular recognition. We cannot see PAI-1 or its cofactors, even with the most powerful microscopes. Instead, we use varied biological “lenses” to visualize these biomolecules and understand their size, shape and multiple interactions. With these approaches, we reconstruct a picture of what is happening on the nanoscale. Our recent work harnesses the power of neutrons to study biomolecules, working closely with colleagues at ORNL at the High Flux Isotope Reactor. This neutron scattering research is a means to tackle one of the most challenging areas left for structural biologists, which ironically is finding experiments to characterize intrinsically unstructured regions in proteins! Our work reveals that unstructured regions in the cofactors are some of the most important in regulating PAI-1.
Ancient religious buildings compete on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount. An American president calls Iraq, Iran, and North Korea an “Axis of Evil.” For thousands of years, physical and rhetorical manipulations of powerful places have fundamentally shaped religious and political identities. My research on fourth-century Christian history suggests that we can better understand – and intervene in – these complex power dynamics if we realize that local places are not inert backdrops against which events transpire, but are ever-shifting sites of, and tools for, the negotiation of authority and identity. From constructing new buildings to describing places controlled by their rivals as morally and physically dangerous, early Christian leaders fundamentally shaped their landscape and thus the events that unfolded within it. Physically controlling the appearance and use of places, and rhetorically shaping perceptions of them, remain powerful, yet largely unrecognized, tools for negotiating the complex intersections of identity, religion, and politics.
In my search to create the perfect theatre lighting lab, I developed an integrated system of teaching theatrical design, directing and stage management. This one-to-six scale theatre allows us to expand beyond lighting and create a complete scaled fully working theatre that fits into a classroom. It has everything an actual theatre has, including lighting, sound, projection, flying and rigging system, legs, borders, drops, scrims, even stage traps and turntables. Called Yeagerlabs, this system has been adopted for use at ten universities, three high schools and a Broadway master class in New York City to teach lighting, scenic, sound, and media design, stage technology, directing and stage management. This system provides a useful educational model designed to develop collaborative skills in our next generation of theatre artists.
The Masters Investment Learning Center (Masters ILC) is a high-technology learning hub located off the atrium in the James A. Haslam II Business Building. Funded entirely through private donations, by Mike Masters, Chris LaPorte, and many others, this high-profile center provides experiential learning, research opportunities, and enrichment activities that have, to date, transformed the academic experience and marketability of 850 students and faculty campus-wide. The cornerstone of the center is its cache of ten Bloomberg terminals, which enable users to access news, analytics, and financial market data on more than five million securities and provide support to the real-world learning activities offered through the center. Of these many opportunities, the most prominent are the Haslam and LaPorte Torch Funds. Full-time MBA students compete against one another and the S&P 500 while managing real-world security portfolios on behalf of their benefactors and on average consistently outperforming the S&P 500.
Although housed in the College of Business Administration, the Anderson Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation is a resource for the entire university and the broader community. The Anderson Center is funded entirely throughout private gifts to the College of Business, and its primary mission is to foster business creation across the university and local business community. Center staff and faculty oversee management of the University of Tennessee Incubator, orchestrate business mentoring for aspiring entrepreneurs, and cooperate with a broad set of regional players to strengthen the area's "entrepreneurial ecosystem." The center also works with faculty from the College of Business Administration to offer course work for young entrepreneurs in the school's undergraduate and MBA programs, and provides funding in support of faculty and doctoral student research. At any given time, faculty in the Anderson Center are engaged in enabling a dozen or more start-ups, greatly adding to the vitality and vibrancy of the university and local community.
Our information environment is becoming increasingly diverse and dynamic. How can we design information technologies that accommodate users from all walks of life? This talk takes the user-centered perspective to challenge current IT system designs. Selected are the six principles/goals or U2SA3: Usefulness—an IT must be useful; Usability—an IT must be usable; Simplicity—KISS; Adaptability—an IT must be adaptable; Adaptivity—an IT must be adaptive; Affordance—an IT’s interfaces must provide adequate clues on actions and results. Violations of these principles are illustrated with examples along with the questions: When and why is default a bad design? What does it mean to personalize IT for users? How can we better understand users’ behaviors?
Camp Koinonia is a week-long residential outdoor education and recreation program for 150 children ages 7 to 21 with significant and multiple disabilities from East Tennessee. The program is the culmination of a semester long class including 200 UTK students who become the entire staff for the program. “Koinonia” is a Greek word that means fellowship and caring community. This presentation will highlight many of the activities in which the children with disabilities participate with the UTK students who plan and conduct the activities. The interaction and relationships between university students and campers is what makes Camp Koiononia a “Lifetime Experience” for all participants.
Intelligence pervades nature; from slime mold amoebas, which self-assemble into a multicellular slug capable of sensation and crawling; to self-organized embryological development, which coordinates the differentiation and arrangement of the 100 trillion cells of an adult person; to the swarm intelligence of social insects, governing millions of individuals without a leader; to the massively parallel information processing of the human brain’s 100 billion neurons. How can we understand such enormously complex systems? And how can we apply our knowledge in future technologies, such as brain-scale neurocomputers and swarms of millions of micro-robots? One key is that natural intelligence is embodied: its primary purpose is to govern a physical body situated in its environment. Indeed, we are beginning to understand that genuine intelligence — both natural and artificial — requires embodiment. These observations yield new insights into the relation of mind and body throughout nature.
Mountain glaciers are important regional climate change indicators due to their high sensitivity to temperature and precipitation changes. Recent studies in the Northern and Central Rocky mountains of North America indicate glaciers are retreating in response to regional climate warming. This results in significant impacts on summer stream flows, which replenish reservoirs and provide irrigation water for agriculture purposes. Civil Engineers are faced with the challenge of quantifying the impacts of glacier recession, which includes the loss of glacial mass, and the delay of runoff due to the storage/release of internal liquid water and delayed snowmelt. Glaciers are located in high elevation watersheds where the agricultural growing season is limited. A continued loss of these “frozen reservoirs” and the resulting impact on the timing of runoff (earlier in the growing season) requires Civil Engineers to develop adaptable and sustainable alternatives such as new impoundments or the development of groundwater resources.
Legal writers frequently utilize the lyrics of popular music artists to help advance a particular theme or argument in legal writing. Often, attorneys use the lyrics of popular music in fairly predictable ways in their writing, sometimes with adverse impact on the persuasiveness of the argument they are advancing. Occasionally, legal writers incorporate the lyrics of popular music into their writing in more creative and effective ways. This presentation explores the ways in which lawyers and judges use pop music lyrics (and in particular, the lyrics of Bob Dylan) in legal scholarship and judicial opinions, and what their choices in terms of the artists cited say about the legal profession.
Among the most used learning spaces outside the campus classroom, the University Libraries engages students through outreach programs, services, and spaces. In the Libraries students express themselves, get their work done, and even kick back to have fun. From raves to reports, friends to finals, morning to midnight, study to sleep, quarrels to quiet, computers to centaurs, pizza to programs, copying to coffee, paper to projector, or books to bytes, students use the Libraries to connect to each other and to the University. Featured programs, services and events include The Commons, Film Movement Series, Raves, Art in the Libraries, Writers in the Library, Free Range Video Contest, National Day of Writing, The Culture Corner, Life of the Mind, Graduate Student Open House, Open Access Week, Research Assistance, Music and Agriculture-Veterinary Medicine special libraries, Special Collections and University Archives, digital collections, and the Leisure Reading Book Club. Faculty and staff involved in this initiative include Michelle Brannen, Jennifer Beals, JoAnne Deeken, Chris Durman, Steven Milewski, Martha Rudolph and Greg Womac.
Children with terminal illnesses often need hospice care at end of life, yet most children do not access hospice services. Hospice eligibility rules have been identified as a critical barrier to pediatric hospice utilization. Healthcare reform or the Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) is a policy response that modifies hospice eligibility rules for children at the end of their lives. On March 23, 2010, the ACA was signed into law by President Obama, and Section 2302 - Concurrent Care for Children become one of the first provisions to be enacted that same day. The provision eliminated the requirement that children enrolled in Medicaid or state Children's Health Insurance Plan must discontinue life-prolonging or curative therapies in order to enroll in hospice care. Although many provisions of the ACA will be effective in subsequent years (i.e., 2013, 2014), the early enactment of Section 2302 will be an important bellwether of how other ACA provisions are enacted and implemented. Therefore, the aim of this presentation is to discuss the impact of the Concurrent Care for Children provision on the delivery of end of life care for children and review the status of its implementation at the state level. Note: This is a replacement for the previously scheduled presentation “Health Reform: What’s In It for Me?” by Carole Myers.
The connection between people and animals is varied and diverse. Species, cultures, breeds, ethnicities, and faith traditions all intermingle and coalesce to create these complex human-animal ties. One thing is common among all these connections, however- the intensity of emotion and strength of opinion that is aroused in response to them. Human beings are invested in how people interact with animals. The love between pet parents and their animal companions as well as the violence toward abused animals stir people deeply. The sincere division between dedicated hunters and those who wear only Naugahyde arouses conflict and “positions” on either side of a fence. Without a “right” or “wrong” agenda, this talk guides viewers through the sights, stories, and science to explore the human animal connection from a social work (strengths-based) and mindfulness (present-moment) perspective.
We encounter obstacles at all stages of our life. To overcome some, we need help. HABIT (Human-Animal Bond in Tennessee) was founded 25 years ago to help people deal with obstacles through the phenomenon of the human-animal bond (H-AB). The Bond is defined as a mutually beneficial, dynamic relationship between people and animals that is essential to the health and well-being of both. As a program of the UT College of Veterinary Medicine, HABIT sponsors animal-assisted therapy in 12 counties and 120 program sites in nursing/retirement homes, assisted living centers, hospitals, and area schools. It is powered by the dedication and compassion of over 300 volunteers, including some from the University. HABIT includes over 350 medically and behaviorally screened dogs, cats and rabbits, and its volunteer teams made over 150,000 visits last year. However, the best way to understand how HABIT volunteers help others deal with obstacles is through their stories.
If you look up the category Producers of Erotic Stereoviews in the standard reference text on stereography, you only find two names: the Climax View Company (New York, 1920s) and Charles Ellis Johnson (Salt Lake City, Utah, 1856-1927). The pairing is an unusual one. One can come up with many descriptions for Charles Ellis Johnson—prominent turn-of-the-century Mormon, Brigham Young’s son-in-law, and one of the Latter Day Saints Church's favorite Temple photographers. Headliner on the shortlist of America’s erotic stereographers, however? It's unexpected, to say the least. As this presentation will show, however, Johnson's stereographs root their salacious thrill in their LDS origins. In Johnson’s pictures of half-dressed odalisques and dancing harem girls, we discover the larger nineteenth-century nation’s shared fantasy of the Mormons. Johnson’s religious affiliation might be surprising, in other words, but it lies at the very heart of his erotic work.
The Papers of Andrew Jackson is a UT project to publish Andrew Jackson's entire extant literary record in a chronological series of volumes. Now working in Jackson’s presidential years, the project is unearthing material that sheds new light on Jackson’s notorious Indian policy, his famous war against the banks, his path-setting presidential vetoes, and his “spoils system” of executive patronage. The latest volume tells the full story of the “Eaton affair”—a sex scandal that tore apart Jackson’s family and cabinet, prompted him to compare his vice president to Satan, and ended with high government officers gunning for each other in the streets of Washington, DC. The Jackson volumes furnish essential information to historians, biographers, news writers, filmmakers, and Broadway playwrights. Along the way, the project has also solved mysteries, exposed forgeries, and helped to catch thieves. Its work has been featured on primetime television and in internationally syndicated news stories.
Mud is a scientific, as well as familiar, term for wet, slimy, or sticky debris produced by rain on the Earth's surface, ejections from springs or volcanoes, and the settling of turbid waters. Horn and her students study mud that accumulates at the bottoms of lakes and in bogs and swamps in the southeastern United States and Latin America. Ancient mud provides clues about past climate, vegetation, wildfires, other natural disturbances, and human land use and impacts. Mud samples are recovered in ways that preserve the stratigraphy of deposits. Radiocarbon dating and other techniques are used to determine sample ages. From microfossils such as pollen, particle sizes and shapes, and geochemical signatures, we develop records of environmental history that complement and extend what we can lean from archaeology and from other Earth archives—such as tree rings.
Successful project management is characterized by completing tasks in a timely manner while balancing cost and quality requirements. To meet these targets, managers resort to practices that seem to make perfect sense, but are, in fact, detrimental. For example, to avoid wasting expensive resources, individuals try to make sure everyone has plenty to do, overloading workloads in the process. Such practices bring about ever-changing priorities, distractions, poor multitasking, and delayed completion. The end result is a counterintuitive phenomenon: the more forcefully managers try to move along a project, the more it is delayed, along with an accompanying increase in cost and decrease in project scope, content, and quality. Fortunately, recent developments in project management provide a simple, intuitive, and visual approach to overcome these problems.
In keeping with the theme of Mic/Nite, this presentation reaches across disciplines to provide a holistic perspective of how privacy is regulated in the workplace. No one discipline has been able to grasp all of the complexities of privacy regulation. Having an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary background helps to see paradigm connections that others coming from one silo of knowledge may not be able to see about privacy. Indeed, no one privacy-regulating mechanism studied by an individual discipline regulates privacy by itself. This occurs because privacy regulation operates in networks and patterns of dependency that depend upon the particular situation and circumstances at the time. Kupritz proposes that it is the combined knowledge of business, communication, and architecture (in particular its subdiscipline, environmental psychology) that best provides the answers to how privacy is regulated in the workplace.
The deleterious impact of poverty on children’s development is well known. Although there is extensive child development research exemplifying this impact, questions remain of how social and cultural aspects of children's lives may influence the impact of poverty. Informal settlements (a.k.a., slums) in Kenya provide a unique context to examine how culture may modify the effects of poverty on child development, as there is tremendous cultural diversity within individual slum communities. Such diversity provides the opportunity to study cultural and individual variation in children’s experiences within one environment. This presentation will highlight a new interdisciplinary and international collaborative involving UT faculty members: Paul Erwin (professor and head of the Department of Public Health), Carin Neitzel (assistant professor of Child and Family Studies), Denise Bates (lecturer in Public Health), and Dawn Coe (assistant professor of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies), Kenyatta University (in Kenya), and a Kenyan NGO (Orphan and Vulnerable Children’s Project of Africa). The collaborative is focused on understanding children’s health and development in informal settlements of Kenya.
Biological molecules, or biomolecules, are the molecular machinery that enables living organisms to perform nearly all the tasks required for growth and survival. While one molecule may act as a pump to shuttle information or mass, other molecules may convert energy, send signals, or perform mechanical work. Since biomolecules function autonomously, they can be considered “smart” materials. However, in order to use biomolecules for creating smart devices, there is a need for ways to host biomolecules that retain their native structures and inherent functionalities. That’s where droplets come in. This presentation will focus on experimental methods that being developed by using simple water droplets and self-assembly principles to arrange biomolecules into structures that allow them to work in a synthetic device. In addition to this basic research, droplet-based assemblies are being applied to detect deadly neurotoxins and create sensors that could be used to treat hearing loss.
Although most children are teased at some point during childhood, those children whose gender expression defies what society considers “appropriate” are more likely to become chronic victims of school bullying. Such bullying is, in essence, a form of lynching. First, both are driven by unwritten social codes—in one instance, white supremacy; in the other, gender stereotypes. Second, both are carried out by perpetrators who do not act in isolation. Third, both result in extreme harm—lynching, in its most basic form, resulted in dead bodies; however, a lynching need not be defined so narrowly. The psychological damage that results from chronic bullying can be so damaging as to effectuate a “virtual lynching.” Finally, both lynching and gender-based bullying achieve maximum effectiveness by the way in which they generate fear in others. The clear message of both is the same: obey the “code” or become the next victim.
Sleep disturbances are prevalent among adults in the United States, and some cases may have their origins in childhood and persist into adulthood. Poor sleep is associated with a variety of mental health outcomes. Adverse childhood experiences (emotional, physical, and/or sexual abuse as either victim or perpetrator) can affect physical and mental health, well-being, and quality of life in many ways. Understanding the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and poor sleep quality in adulthood is only beginning to be studied. Therefore, the purpose is to examine the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and sleep quality.
UT’s commitment to its land-grant mission of serving the public good finds one manifestation in the Knoxville Homeless Management Information (KnoxHMIS), a unique community engagement endeavor to measure, understand, and respond at a local and national level to the complexity and tragedy of homelessness. KnoxHMIS deploys a secure, online database linked to local homeless service providers to create an empirical window into the experience of homelessness. Since November 2004, more than 28,000 unique individuals have sought services for current or imminent homelessness from homeless service providers in Knoxville and Knox County. More than 7,300 individuals and family members received services during 2011. This presentation focuses on the magnitude, scope, and complexity of homelessness in our area. Homelessness is best understood as the result of a complex interaction of individual factors, structural and economic forces, and environmental circumstances. Measurement of the prevalence, persistence, and multifaceted variations of homelessness in this community informs agency interventions and community policy decisions.Note: Photograph used with permission Knox County Public Defenders Community Law Office. Photographer: I. Merkle
Most simply, rivers drain water and carry sediment, but it's how water moves across the landscape and into these rivers that makes the system interesting. A watershed is the land area that drains to a particular point in the landscape, but from a socio-economic standpoint it is far more than that. Rivers create communities and sculpt economic development, so we are members of both our communities and our watersheds, with watershed boundaries and behavior affecting how we live every day. This presentation examines watersheds from an engineering, scientific, and social perspective. It examines current threats to watersheds and discusses efforts to utilize, protect, and restore them so as to preserve their benefits to our communities.
Phytosensors are engineered plants to report when specific contaminants and disease-causing agents are present in a plant's environment. Gene switches—called promoters—are being discovered which naturally sense, for example, when a harmful bacterium or virus attacks the plant. They naturally switch on a cascade of defenses. Our research group is designing stronger synthetic promoters, which are then used to control the expression of fluorescent protein genes. The brightest discovered fluorescent protein happens to be orange. However, it is still not bright enough to usually be visible under the control of even our stronger designer promoters. Recently, the group has made modifications to make a “Big Orange” fluorescent protein that is accumulated much higher in the plant, which yields three times higher fluorescence than its predecessor. Plants can be engineered temporarily for orange fluorescence, perhaps just in the leaves, to comprise a brief reporter system.
Recently, scholars have begun to question the view that early medieval monasticism was unified during the Carolingian Empire by the imposition of St. Benedict’s Rule. Evidence that monastic architecture diverged from some of the Rule's dictates due to the development of enclosed gardens and spacious dining chambers for abbots, for example, indicates that the sixth-century text of St. Benedict instigated a reconsideration of the enclosed life. Digital reconstructions of Carolingian monasteries provide a basis for understanding how architectural spaces emerged from the Rule.
Vesta is the second-most massive asteroid. NASA’s Dawn spacecraft, now orbiting and mapping the body, has revealed its secrets. Dawn’s ion propulsion system has made it the fastest manmade object. The spacecraft carries cameras to image the surface and spectrometers to measure its composition, and tracking of its orbital path constrains the nature of its interior. Meteorites, which may have been excavated from Vesta, are used to interpret Dawn results, and the distributions of similar volcanic rocks have been mapped. Craters of all sizes pockmark Vesta’s surface. A huge impact created a basin at the south pole that scattered material over half the body, exposed the deep interior, and created curious ridges encircling the equator. Ancient Vesta is one of a very few surviving planetesimals like those that accreted to form the Earth, and thus it provides a unique window on early solar system processes.
Alcohol use is theoretically and empirically linked to various forms of intimate partner violence (IPV). This presentation will focus on our body of work that illustrates the connection between alcohol use and IPV perpetration and victimization. Our studies demonstrate that IPV is overrepresented in populations of individuals in treatment for substance abuse, and that substance abuse is overrepresented in men and women who are mandated by the court to attend batterer intervention programs. Our work has shown that the prevalence and frequency of IPV decrease after an individual receives treatment for alcohol problems. The course of IPV and the efficacy of interventions for men arrested for IPV will be addressed. Our efforts to improve violence outcomes in randomized clinical trials involving alcohol treatment with arrested batterers will be described. Our ongoing studies, including an examination of genetic predictors of IPV and substance use, as well as genetic predictors of treatment outcome, will be discussed.
Internet sales exploded from $1.1 trillion in 2000 to more than $3.8 trillion in 2012. A 1992 Supreme Court ruling hampers the ability of states to collect sales taxes on many of these transactions because the vendors do not have taxable presence. Some argue that a tax-free environment should foster growth of the Internet and that low taxes have been an important part of its rapid growth. Further, they maintain that it is too expensive to comply with the tax laws of 45 sales-taxing states and more than 9,000 local governments. Others argue that uneven taxation of e-commerce versus bricks-and-mortar commerce harms the US economy and costs state and local governments tax revenues. These counterpoints will be evaluated along with UT faculty research that evidences annual tax losses of at least $12 billion and elimination of jobs in bricks-and-mortar stores.
Do you ever wonder why organizations make such horrendous communication mistakes during a crisis? The simultaneous reality of an industrial and economic risk society and the development of new digital, online mobile capabilities require a re-evaluation of organizational strategies for effectively communicating about risk. Palenchar will discuss the interdisciplinary role of crisis communication and new media technologies in managing crisis events. Technological advances have transformed how crisis management professionals and researchers view, create, interact with, and disseminate information to affected communities and other stakeholders during a crisis. Early research shows that many organizations are struggling to define the best practices for using social media, including digital mobile devices, for risk and crisis communication and measuring its return on investment. Potential issues and implications, such as control, security, right to know, uncertainty, speed, training, intentionality, transparency, information push, privacy, self-efficacy, and leveraging stakeholders' communication are quickly discussed in this presentation.
The presentation will highlight our use of sport to promote community development, global solidarity, and female empowerment. In the last twenty years, we have implemented groundbreaking sports development projects in ten different countries, including Iran, Iraq, Israel, Turkey, Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, China, Inner Mongolia, and Zimbabwe. In the fall of 2010, we also co-developed an undergraduate service-learning class designed to use sport, physical activity, and recreation as a way to assist a growing number of Iraqi refugees in their transition to the Knoxville community. As a result of our international experiences and local service, we have been invited to launch the Center for Sport, Peace, and Society at the University of Tennessee. The center will be the academic hub for interdisciplinary research in the area of sport for development.
Crystals are not only aesthetically pleasing materials, such as the gemstones, used in jewelry, but are also used in many technical applications. Some crystals, called scintillators, visibly glow with bright colors when exposed to radiation. Scintillator crystals can be used to record X-ray images similar to the manner in which photographic film can be used to record light images. Crystalline scintillators with three dimensional patterns of perfectly ordered atoms are used to produce high resolution images of cancer and Alzheimer's disease and to reveal the presence of hidden radioactive materials being illegally transported across borders. A team of students, researchers and faculty at the Scintillation Materials Research Center discovers new scintillator crystals and develops new technologies to manufacture them. The crystals are grown by slowly cooling a molten substance in a specially designed furnace. The resulting crystals are the key components in the fabrication of modern radiation sensing devices.
The meteoric rise of Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and other social networking web sites presents many opportunities and challenges for law, society, and the economy. With small businesses—historically engines of economic growth—finding it difficult to raise start-up funds and capital for new projects, social networking seems like a logical way to find new "friends" from whom to raise the necessary investment dollars. This form of raising monies has become known as “crowdfunding,” and has been popularized by websites like Kiva and ProFounder. Yet, securities regulations in the US effectively prevent ventures from using the Internet to raise funds that generate returns to investors because of required compliance with a resource-intensive federal and state registration process. The main fear of regulators is that investors will be defrauded on the faceless Internet. Can we legalize desired forms of crowdfunding without creating an opportunity for fraud and other misuse?
The Great Smoky Mountains Regional Project at the University of Tennessee Libraries collects, preserves, and makes available to researchers material on the Smokies region of both Tennessee and North Carolina. Founded in 1997 by librarians Anne Bridges and Ken Wise, the project has three main initiatives. The first is a bibliography project, which will result in a printed volume of entries of written material from the sixteenth century to the founding of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in 1934. The second part of the bibliography project will be an online bibliography encompassing the years 1935 to the present. The second initiative is The Great Smoky Mountains Regional Collection, the largest collection of material in all formats, including books, articles, government documents, and manuscripts, in the region and perhaps in the nation. The third initiative is a corpus of online photographs and documents from significant Smokies photographers including Albert "Dutch" Roth and Jim Thompson and a grant-funded project on the history of the Pi Beta Phi Settlement School in Gatlinburg.
The complexity of the problems which led to the passage of national health reform in 2010 after 100 years of failed attempts, current political bickering, and national concern about America's financial viability and social supports have crowded out the public's opportunity to garner factual and relevant information about the Affordable Care Act and understanding about the personal impact of the law. An overview of the major thrust of the law and key provisions related to health insurance and delivery system reforms, cost-savings, and financing will be discussed. In addition, the timing and status of the law's multi-year implementation will be reviewed and potential obstacles discussed. The question “what's in it for me?” will be discussed from the perspective of those individuals insured via public and private programs and those who lack insurance. The aim is to demystify and simplify the law in a discussion absent of partisan and philosophical debates.
Although brain development is genetically programmed, its form and shape result from an infant's early experiences. In the last few decades, neuroscience research has dramatically illustrated the influence of early experiences on infant brain development through the use of new brain imaging technology. The Urban Child Institute (TUCI), a nonprofit whose goal is to enhance the lives of Memphis children, is taking this knowledge directly to parents. TUCI is currently offering one of the first programs for disadvantaged parents that utilizes the findings from neuroscience research to enhance the early brain development of infants in poverty. This presentation demonstrates the Touch-Talk-Read-Play program, which is being delivered by TUCI through the Neighborhood Christian Center, a faith-based organization. Program participants learn fundamental knowledge about the brain and its functions, as well as how ordinary experiences such as skin contact, talking to babies, and reading and playing with them influence brain development.
Molecular imaging, specifically Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT), is integral to the clinical management of human patients with a variety of diseases, most notably cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurologic conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. Additionally, as a noninvasive tool for biomedical research and drug development, PET/CT is a powerful tool for researchers and more recently, an expanding field in clinical veterinary medicine. It is now widely accepted that companion animals such as dogs and cats can serve as spontaneous, relevant disease models for many common human ailments. Novel PET imaging reagents can be validated in such animal models in order to inform the development pathway of these molecules, to the benefit of humans and pets alike. This presentation highlights work demonstrating the application of 18F-PET tracers utilizing PET/CT imaging to a variety of veterinary diseases, thus paving the way for UT as a leader in translational imaging-based research.
On a trip to Cairo this summer, Mamelouk conducted research at the Dominican Institute for Oriental Studies (IDEO) in the Abassia district. As she walked through the various crowded streets, she took pictures of the slogans, written mostly in Arabic but also in English. The importance of these slogans is in the fact that they narrate the major political and historical events that Egypt has experienced since January 2011. With the fall of the Mubarak regime on February 11, 2011—the date of his personal resignation announced by Omar Suleiman to the national and international media; the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) took over initiating the country toward free parliamentary and presidential elections. However, the images of the art/graffiti show the dissatisfaction with SCAF, the importance of writing the new constitution, and remembering the martyrs who died during the revolution and after.
Aoukar will discuss four products that he has designed. The first, a leather bracelet, is inspired by paper folding and cutting techniques to eliminate production steps. The second product, a salad bowl with a strainer, explores recycling methods and asks the question: is recycling a function as effective as recycling a material? The third product, a vase, examines our relationship to flowers as ephemeral and symbolic of life and death. The final product, a chair, considers the story and the history that an object expresses and leaves behind to future generations as a symbol of the human experience. Depicted: salad bowl and strainer.
Antarctica, the coldest, driest continent on our planet, has long been considered a “big dead place.” We now know that life exists within and below the massive ice sheets and glaciers that cover this isolated continent. Understanding the role of these life forms in global processes and what they might tell us about the potential for life elsewhere in the universe requires the collection of uncontaminated samples. Access to these elusive environments for exploration is a massive logistical challenge since we must drill through hundreds of feet of ice and do so in a manner that prevents contamination of these pristine ecosystems. Sub-glacial exploration is now underway with simultaneous US, UK, and Russian Antarctic sub-glacial access drilling projects. The US program plans to drill into a sub-glacial lake under the Whillans Ice Stream in East Antarctic this austral summer. Mikucki will highlight the challenges and rewards of her participation in the project.
The coveted shopper is female, and everyone wants to understand and connect to her. Relationships between brand manufacturers, retailers, and shoppers have become heated and complicated, even chaotic. However, the game has also risen to a new level. The shopper now has power and choices. Retailers and brand manufacturers are frantically trying to differentiate from their competitors to win her loyalty. Traditional advertising is not effective with her anymore. Social media and many other developments have complicated matters. Now, brands and retailers are working together in entirely new ways to reach her. However, these far more complex marketing and merchandizing efforts have created numerous business and societal challenges. Research based on psychology, social psychology, neurology, behavioral economics, strategy, web analytics, business analytics, supply chain management, and more is attempting to understand and solve these challenges in this “shopper marketing” space. It’s fascinating and crucial for business, society, and her success.
Cursing on television has long been subject to public wrath. It is feared that viewers, especially young ones, will repeat what they hear on screen and such repetition may lead to desensitization and thus to greater acceptance of cursing in real life. Further, many viewers are offended by cursing and do not want to be subjected to it while watching television. But what is considered offensive to one viewer may not be considered such by another. In 2012, the Supreme Court threw out sanctions against broadcasting companies that aired incidents of profanity uttered on live telecasts. In the wake of the ruling, the FCC is free to modify its indecency policy, and networks, at least for now, are free to self-regulate. But the ruling has left watchdog groups concerned that the amount of cursing on television will increase and the words will become even more explicit.
The prevalence of students with intellectual disabilities and autism is increasing, and they have limited opportunities after high school. As the number of students identified with an intellectual disability grows, the number of postsecondary programs will need to grow as well. In an attempt to increase options, the University of Tennessee admitted its first class of college students in fall 2011 into the FUTURE program. The FUTURE program offers a two-year certificate that focuses on career development and life skills training for students with intellectual disabilities and autism. This presentation describes FUTURE, including the students’ college experiences regarding coursework and work-based internships. In addition, research conducted on postsecondary education will be presented. Specific research studies include: (a) faculty and student attitudes and beliefs about FUTURE-like programs, (b) program impact on educational mentors, (c) career interest survey development for this population, and (d) digital literacy inclusion and supports to improve employment opportunities.
Obesity is in large part a consequence of an excessive cellular fraction of neutral lipids, which are sequestered in little-understood bodies called lipid droplets. Neutral lipids and thus droplet(s) are most prevalent in adipocytes, which make up the vast majority of adipose tissue. Dalhaimer will speak about the mechanisms by which lipid droplets form across eukaryotic organisms emphasizing a molecular approach. By determining which cellular factors are responsible for the formation of the droplets, the path to drug design for the treatment of obesity, and potentially heart disease, can be paved.
The professions of today are increasingly interdisciplinary. For example, a farmer must know both biology and chemistry to determine the type and the quantity of fertilizer to purchase. To be successful in a discipline, one must know almost everything about anything. A qualified biomedical engineer should know topics ranging from biology and anatomy to electronics and material science. Imaging advances in medicine allow physicians to see inside and diagnose patients without ever opening the skin. Combining knowledge of anatomy, mechanical and biomaterial sciences allows biomedical engineers to replace degenerative joints. Biomedical engineers must utilize effective means to acquire the knowledge that they require and convey to others how a seemingly minute detail impacts the rest of a system. Visionary mnemonics methods, mind maps, and organic charts are used to promote intelligence assimilation of knowledge from a vast sea of information.
Instructional services librarians at the University of Tennessee Libraries support General Education outcomes by offering library instruction sessions to help students acclimate to the research community. In particular, library instructors use a variety of activities to develop students’ information literacy skills. One activity used in English 101 sessions is an information evaluation assessment using the 5 Ws (who, what, when, etc.). The assessment is a scaffolding activity, using a concept already familiar to students but applying it to understand increasingly complex contexts. Last semester, librarians sent follow-up surveys to students to assess their retention of the evaluation method three weeks after the library session. Instructors were also surveyed about the perceived value of the library’s information evaluation instruction. Preliminary results indicate that students are recalling and using this information evaluation method, and that instructors are using the 5 Ws outside of the library session to support their own teaching.
Stem cell therapy and tissue engineering are the new frontiers of regenerative medicine. Stem cell research has the potential to substantially improve equine medical care. Researchers at the UT College of Veterinary Medicine isolate adult stem cells from bone marrow, fat or peripheral blood, characterize them in culture and then provide them to the clinic for therapy. Stem cells grown in a dish with tissue culture techniques must exhibit three criteria: one is their capability of self-renewal, i.e. stem cells undergo multiple cell divisions while maintaining their undifferentiated state; two is the potential to differentiate into fat, bone, and cartilage; and third is that all stem cells should express a certain set of protein markers. The prospective clinical use of stem cells holds enormous promise for improved treatment of a large number of diseases in horses.
“Null_Sets” is a new body of cross-platform investigations aimed at exploring the gap between data and information. Consisting of a set of images (plus a free app), this project stems from our interest in glitches, code-breaking, and translation. Our custom script encodes text files as images, making it possible to visualize both the size and architecture of large-scale data sets through an aesthetic lens. So if you ever wanted to see Hamlet as a jpeg and find artistic merit hiding within its code, here’s your chance.
Urban ecosystems have unique problems and are difficult to study. Because their disturbance history is often unknown, there are multiple stresses that may be difficult to differentiate in urban forests, and the characteristics of the urban soils are quite different than those found in rural forests. Trees in urban environments are chosen to enhance and beautify cities, but are also called upon to: 1) adapt to poor soils that have often been polluted; 2) compete with grass for nutrients and water; 3) develop roots under impervious surfaces, like concrete; 4) resist disease and insect pressures; and 5) endure abuse from automobiles, lawnmowers, pests, and people. This presentation examines urban forests from an economic, environmental, and management perspective, specifically focusing on understanding the below-ground soil environment in which urban trees grow and how to mitigate stressors in urban soils.
Why do animals play? Why do we play? What, really, IS play? Our understanding of the evolution and phylogeny of playfulness in animals is surprisingly minimal, largely because the function of play in both human and nonhuman animals remains controversial. Consequently, biologists and even many psychologists have largely ignored play. After all, something frivolous and fun cannot be too important as compared to feeding, mating, fighting, and rearing young. An even greater problem, perhaps, is the difficulty of identifying play in species where play is not already acknowledged to exist. In other words, play is usually defined with vague or problematic terminology that often leads to unproductive debates rather than good science. Furthermore, the many kinds of activities that are considered play such as competitive sports, pretense, joking, manipulating objects and ideas, wrestling, and chasing seem very diverse and perhaps unrelated. This talk will explore the concept of play, how to identify it with improved criteria, show how play is distributed in a modern phylogenetic framework, and with videos, the surprising and ancient origins of play in turtles, lizards, frogs, fishes, and even invertebrates. Recently, there has been a resurgence of scientific interest in play, its importance in our lives as well as those of other animals, the role of the brain, and modeling play.
Located in one of the most extreme physical environments on earth, the archaeological site of ‘Ayn Gharandal, Jordan, lies along the eastern frontier of the Late Roman and Byzantine empires and contains a fort, a bathhouse, and an aqueduct system. For the past four years, the ‘Ayn Gharandal Archaeological Project, under the direction of Robert Darby and Erin Darby, has surveyed and excavated structures at the site, where even the preliminary results promise to contribute greatly to our understanding of the Late Roman military and its control of regional trade networks, civilian populations, and natural resources in the Middle East. This presentation will demonstrate the importance of ‘Ayn Gharandal by first describing the regional and environmental context, discussing the preliminary finds from survey and excavation, and drawing conclusions from the data about the Late Roman army’s presence in this desolate region and the soldiers garrisoned at ‘Ayn Gharandal.
American human spaceflight ended in 2011 with the last space shuttle launch. In trying to determine whether this was a good thing or a bad thing, Dean became obsessed with the question of what the entire fifty-year era of American spaceflight has meant. Was our space program a wasteful show of force, or was it humankind’s greatest achievement? Not until something ends can we start to understand what it has meant. In order to bear witness to the end of an era, Dean attended the last launch of each of the three space shuttles, as well as other related events at Cape Canaveral, Houston, and Washington DC. She spent a day each with one of the first men on the moon and one of the last. Dean finds that Americans are still intensely proud of our achievements in spaceflight, even as we are starting to forget what we have accomplished.
Like many business organizations, College of Business academic units, are organized by departments or functions (such as finance, marketing, logistics, human resource management, etc.). This can result in professionals who view the business from a single, functional area perspective. However, successfully managing business processes in today’s dynamic business world requires a cross-functional, integrated perspective. Business faculty must prepare students who can help break down traditional business walls. Hollander’s presentation will give an overview of how UT information management faculty are developing and using business analysis techniques, combined with technology platforms that integrate business process data, to foster multifunctional, innovative thinking in College of Business Administration students. The curriculum resources and tools are designed to be transferrable to students and faculty in multiple departments and functional areas across the college.
The foundation of science is data; science is interdisciplinary. However, interdisciplinary research is hindered by the heterogeneity of data. This makes it difficult to merge diverse streams of data and to do meaningful modeling. Solving this problem requires a focus on how scientists use and communicate data throughout the data lifecycle. It also requires a new kind of information professional who can be imbedded in the scientific environment to assist scientists in the data management process. DataONE exemplifies how innovative environmental science can be supported by a sustainable cyber infrastructure that supports open, persistent, robust, and secure access to Earth observational data.
With all of the hype around “big data” it can be easy to overlook the impact of everyday talk on our lives and institutions. Participants in the Discourse Analysis Research Team in the College of Education, Health, and Human Sciences have been using micro-analysis of talk to explore how language is used to accomplish a variety of tasks in both online and offline conversations. This presentation will highlight some of these findings, including how Tennessee’s definition of “teacher effectiveness” was generated in policy conversations in Nashville (Rachael Gabriel, Theory and Practice in Teacher Education), how female NFL followers perform their identity as authentic fans (Traci Yates, Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies) and how the recently bereaved enter online support groups (Mary Alice Varga, Educational Psychology and Counseling). A better understanding of what everyday conversations are doing can help us develop strategies for positive change.
Electrochemical energy storage is woven into the fabric of modern life. Each of us carries one or more electronic devices that store energy as electrical charge and dispense it on command. The safe and reliable operation of these devices is predicated on electrolytes—substances that allow charge to flow via the motion of charged atomic species (ions). New electrolytes are an essential requirement for developing energy systems capable of shifting our reliance on the burning of fossil fuels towards the use of more sustainable resources. Developing these smarter electrolytes and devices based around them is no small challenge, bringing together materials scientists, electrochemists, and chemical engineers in efforts to keep the lights we take for granted from growing dim.
In 2007, two reports on the state of legal education provided similar critiques. Law schools do a good job teaching legal doctrine, but need to do a better job integrating practice skills and professionalism training into the curriculum. Despite the call for reform, many law professors in the United States are skeptical about teaching professionalism. Professionalism may very well be the redheaded stepchild of legal education reform. As a redheaded stepchild herself, Schaefer can appreciate the message the phrase is meant to convey. The redheaded stepchild is obviously different and does not belong. She is treated without the favor of birthright. In this presentation, Schaefer considers why professionalism has been deemed different and unworthy, and what legal education reformers should do to change this misconception.
Over the past three decades, HIV/AIDS has evolved from a terminal diagnosis to a chronic condition managed by effective pharmaceutical therapies. Despite this evolution, HIV/AIDS remains one of the leading causes of death in American adults. Emphasis on end-of-life (EOL) planning and care remains essential. This is especially critical in the Appalachian region of the southeastern United States where HIV/AIDS infection rates continue to climb. Understanding EOL needs of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Appalachia is complex, involving factors such as a general lack of health services/infrastructures, pervasive poverty, unemployment, rural and mountainous geographic terrain, stigma, cultural barriers, and inadequate education. The aim of this presentation is to discuss the findings of the first qualitative study to examine EOL care needs of PLWHA in Appalachian Tennessee and explore the contribution of the unique culture and beliefs about EOL care in an area that has been historically underserved with regard to health care services.
The Social Work Office of Research and Public Service (SWORPS) has been in existence since 1975. It is what you might call an outreach of the College of Social Work. Social workers are “people people,” and can’t just sit back at an academic armchair’s length from the action in social services. Having a public service office has allowed the College of Social Work to remain in close contact with this action in the public and private service agencies of the state. From partnering with the State of Tennessee in overseeing the quality of child care agencies to managing the collection of service information for the homeless population of Knoxville; from creating civil rights training for the Department of Human Services to partnering with UT’s Center for Literacy Studies in developing online learning modules; from directing focus groups for our own university to coordinating survey studies for the Knox County Health Department; from evaluating social service programs to helping service providers articulate program outcomes, the work of SWORPS impacts individuals and agencies throughout region while allowing the college to maintain a first-hand relationship with cutting-edge best practice in today’s world.
Design drives climate change; the form and space of buildings and cities have energy-use consequences leading to greenhouse gas emissions that affect the climate. Buildings use 70 percent of electricity and are responsible for about half of greenhouse gases. Architects and engineers nationally are committed to reversing climate change through better design. This presentation connects new research on knowledge structures for carbon-neutral design, an educational game for learning design strategies, and examples of student solutions. The combination of pre-industrial and high-tech design strategies are drawn from DeKay’s 800-page book, Sun, Wind & Light: Architectural Design Strategies (3rd edition), which includes scales from materials to neighborhoods. Yet, even these technical solutions are not enough to create change if people don’t care about nature. The presentation also includes five suggestions for connecting people to nature through design, drawn from his other book, Integral Sustainable Design: Transformative Perspectives.
Valderredible, a valley of some 300 km2 in the northern Spanish province of Cantabria, is a special place for its artistic heritage, which provides a vision of why the Spanish language, or Castilian, was born in the region. Monuments that testify to this phenomenon include a unique nucleus of cave (or rock-cut) churches from the seventh century AD. A series of fascinating images will accompany Kaplan’s narration of a story that began upon the arrival of Latin to Cantabria in the third century BC. The native Cantabrian language survived long enough to impact spoken Latin, and Spanish took on a new form. After the sojourn and death in the Valley of Saint Millán (474–574 AD), the speech of Millán’s cult followers acquired the prestige to propel the dissemination of Spanish as the language of Castile.
Imagine taking part in a protest march in which you are told ahead of time the names of the participants you must stand next to (and who, in turn, are required to stand next to you). Challenging? But it is proven that circles can accomplish exactly such a feat. Some circles have to get larger, others smaller, but as they jostle – be it a dozen or a hundred thousand circles – they succeed with wonderfully intricate and often stunning visual patterns. Just as the protesters get comfortably into place, however, comes the order to march while maintaining those designated neighbors. Impossible, you say? Au contraire. The circles manage this – no sweat. Like all good protesters, the circles come in a variety of colors with occasionally conflicting motivations. “Visualization…visualization!!” “Lattice formation, or die!” “Conformal, conformal, conformal maps!” (Aha, that would be the mathematicians.) “Energy minimization, save the planet!” Regardless, the march will certainly be a wonderful scene to contemplate. Stephenson’s presentation will be a brief visual tour of circle packings, both static and moving, and audience members may sit next to whomever they choose!
Learning to fly and earning a private pilot certificate is a challenging and expensive endeavor. As an FAA-certificated flight instructor, Leap taught his clients about the mechanics of airplanes, pre-flight procedures, aerodynamics, basic maneuvers, aircraft systems, air traffic control procedures, cross-country flight planning, federal aviation regulations, and more. His presentation will focus on the salient features of learning to fly. The audience will learn what it takes to become a safe and proficient pilot and, he hopes, the presentation might stimulate someone’s interest in this enjoyable hobby.
Pollster Frank Luntz has built a substantial global business by shifting the terminology in public policy debates to a corporate and conservative perspective. He played a substantial role in the recent United States health care debate, and his approaches and terminology regarding health care policy in other nations likely will be tried again. Harmon researched US broadcast news transcripts to discover to what extent they reflected Luntz’s list of words for opponents of health care reform. Sixteen Luntz terms were compared to a list of sixteen more neutral terms describing the actual changes being considered. This content analysis adds to the growing body of work on framing, specifically how tactical use of terminology can turn a mediated debate.
Physical activity guidelines recommend that young children participate in at least sixty minutes and up to several hours of developmentally appropriate physical activity each day. During early childhood, children begin spending a significant portion of time at daycare and preschool settings, which presents a key opportunity for young children to engage in activity through unstructured play on a playground. Traditional playgrounds utilize set structures (i.e., swings, monkey bars) and sport-related areas (i.e., tracks, fields) to provide children with different activity options. New trends have emerged that incorporate natural elements (i.e., boulders, trees stumps, and logs) into outdoor play environments – commonly known as natural playgrounds. Natural playgrounds also include recycled materials (i.e., ropes, tires) into areas where children can create a variety of play scenarios. This presentation will provide an overview of outdoor play and natural playgrounds as well as the current research our laboratory is conducting in this area.
During the spring and summer of 2010 the national and international media was absolutely rabid about stories on the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Hazen’s team was undertaking basic science to understand the effects of oil spill – especially the deepwater plume. During that time, the media was soliciting comments from any possible science “expert” they could find. They were also quoting casual comments from faculty and students collecting and analyzing samples before they had time to analyze data and make good conclusions. In fact, when presented with diametrically opposed stories, the media will often latch on to the most negative view because it is more sensational. It is increasingly important that scientists present their work based on rigorous peer review and not speculate beyond the data used for the peer-reviewed conclusions. Hazen will give examples and suggestions on how to avoid media extravaganzas that can get out of hand.
When water and low-molecular weight gases, like methane, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen disulfide, combine at low temperatures and modest pressures, crystalline gas hydrates are formed. These conditions are met where gas hydrates are found on the continental margins, in permafrost, and in natural gas pipelines. The latter is a nuisance to the gas and oil industry and leads to pipeline plugging, resulting in production interruption and financial loss. Estimates of the amount of methane contained in naturally occurring gas hydrates vary greatly but they represent a sizeable quantity. It would be challenging to harvest the methane from the seafloor due to the way the hydrate deposits are distributed in sediments. Production from permafrost locations show more potential. One possible method would be to inject carbon dioxide into methane hydrate rich deposits to drive the release of the methane molecules while at the same time sequestering the carbon dioxide molecules.
Tennessee has many famous musical greats. Dolly Parton, Roy Acuff, Chet Atkins, and, of course, Elvis! While little known to the public today, J. Lawrence Cook made as much of an impact on our musical heritage as the more famous musical giants from Tennessee. In his lifetime, Cook became the most prolific artist to arrange and record player piano music. Cook knew many of the jazz greats and was able to capture the essence of their playing on piano rolls. This was no easy task, as most player piano rolls sound stiff and mechanical. Cook’s musical ability allowed him to transcend the pedestrian sounds and create small musical masterpieces still being enjoyed today. He was equally at home with the classics as he was with jazz, blues, and later, rock ’n’ roll. In the early twentieth century, player pianos were the predominant piano in American homes. Cook wrote, arranged, and recorded more than 20,000 rolls in his prolific career. Known to only a relative few today, this East Tennessee native deserves wider recognition for his impact on our musical heritage.
The spread of tumor cells from a primary tumor to other parts of the body (metastases) is the most life-threatening complication of cancer and is responsible for most cancer deaths. In 1996, scientists set out to identify genes responsible for suppressing metastasis and made exciting new discoveries in cancer research. One gene was expressed uniquely in nonmetastatic cells. The gene was named KiSS for its role as a metastasis suppressor sequence (SS) – with acknowledgment of the discovery’s occurrence in Hershey, Pennsylvania, and the Hershey’s chocolate Kiss. The central functions of KiSS in regulating reproduction were unnoticed until 2003, when three groups independently reported mutations of the KiSS receptor in humans and mice suffering from hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, a syndrome characterized by delayed or absent pubertal development. This presentation highlights the roles of KiSS in the beginning (reproduction) and ending (cancer) of life and ongoing research at the UT College of Veterinary Medicine.
Since its development on the mid-1980's, nanoindentation has proven itself as an important tool for exploring and characterizing the small-scale mechanical behavior of a wide variety of materials. Some of these materials are quite unusual, either because the materials themselves are out-of-the-ordinary or because their mechanical behavior at the micro- and nano-scales is very different from that of the bulk. For example, small pillars of pure metals with diameters less than 1 micrometer can have strengths 10 to 100 times greater than their macroscopic counterparts. In this presentation, a series of examples are used to illustrate some of the unusual properties observed at small scales along with the scientific reasons for them. The examples are taken from a diverse set of disciplines including materials science, biology, geology, and medicine, all of which have benefited enormously from recent advances in nanomechanical testing.
1960s lawyers were known for spearheading the Civil Rights, anti-Vietnam War, Women’s and Student movements, which transformed the U.S. justice system. Contrastingly, in the digital age, “armchair activists” post about civil rights violations from the comfort of their homes. While many students still pursue a legal degree to enter into a service-oriented career, others question whether training lawyers to be “change agents” is an idea of the past. This presentation centers on the Clinical Legal Education model, which has the dual goals of educating future lawyers and providing quality legal assistance to individuals without access to the justice system. The presentation asks whether there are present-day ideological impediments that inhibit the inculcation of a “change agent” perspective in today's future lawyers. This inquiry is explored through examining the local and international service learning projects in which The University of Tennessee’s Immigration Clinic has engaged in Knoxville, Swaziland, and Morocco.
The global threat of vector-borne diseases is alarming and accounts for more than a quarter of human infectious disease deaths and an unknown amount of animal deaths. Vectors such as ticks and mosquitoes are numerous and unique to each environment and host population; thus, vector ecology is challenging and includes the identification, discovery, and conducting of hypothesis driven work for the probable reasons for disease transmission. While each problem has different goals and specific outcomes, the unifying aspect is that arthropods are transmitting serious pathogens and together these data set the argument for a One Health model for vector control.
While the process of dying is a universal human experience, it amplifies peoples’ cultural similarities and differences. Professional nurses have a duty to provide culturally congruent care that is satisfying, meaningful, and beneficial, fits with peoples’ daily lives and, in this context, helps them face end of life (EOL). This study addressed a gap in the literature by discovering the culture care EOL needs of rural Appalachian persons and their families at home. Themes abstracted related to faith, family care, integrating generic/folk and professional nursing care, hospice care decision-making, and recommended nursing interventions promote a satisfying death experience for this population. Since death is a part of life that eventually affects everyone, applying knowledge about personal and family values, beliefs, and practices at EOL is essential for promoting physical, emotional, and spiritual health, addressing health disparities, and facilitating a dignified death among rural Appalachians.
Imagine applying for a position and instead of simply being interviewed, you are asked to participate in role plays, case studies, and group discussions. Stressful? Indeed, but the hiring organization gains a good grasp of the skills and abilities that you would bring to the job role. These standardized evaluations of individual behavior across multiple situations, called assessment centers, are used in employee selection and have a rich history in the United States, starting during World War II. Research suggests that assessment centers surpass all other employee selection methods, including testing and interviews. Why rely on a candidate to self-identify their strengths and weaknesses? There is a better way.
Can we say that the American Revolution brought about democratic change if there were undemocratic elements in that revolution? Is it possible that George Washington was both a freedom fighter and a tyrant? What is the nature of democratic leadership? This talk will answer all these questions, and more. In under 400 seconds.
Skilled workers are in high demand in today’s global knowledge economy. Countries vie to attract the best and brightest workers, and companies recruit employees nationally and internationally to meet their talent needs. The competition for knowledge workers has intensified as labor markets have become increasingly global. This presentation focuses on Norway, which has weathered the financial crisis better than most countries. The rapid recovery of Norway’s economy was supported by sound fiscal decisions and a sustained demand for its oil and gas-related products and services. Norway-based companies attract skilled workers with high salaries, exciting professional opportunities, generous welfare benefits, and a good work-life balance. However, these companies compete with other destinations that may be better-known and offer more cosmopolitan lifestyles. The research findings provide insights into global recruitment networks and international skilled migration flows.
With the global obesity crisis, why we eat what we eat and how we can change weight-related behavior have become areas of intense focus. Imagine students and researchers, from diverse academic backgrounds and university locations, working together to change behavior and environments using creative, interactive, fun, and novel approaches. That is what Getting Fruved is all about. The project will involve more than 1,000 student researchers, 30 faculty and extension researchers, 25 sub-research projects, and 13 universities working together in a 5-year, USDA-funded, 4-H project designed to ultimately decrease the proportion of older adolescents/young adults who are overweight or obese. The goal of the project is to use an interactive, peer-led, social marketing environmental intervention designed by college students to aid older adolescents/young adults in effectively managing weight through: improved dietary quality, increased physical activity, and improved stress management skills.
In Fall 2013, only 6% of declared undergraduate students in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) at UTK were women. This is not unique to EECS, as the numbers of women in most areas of engineering and computer science nationwide are dismally low. Why is this? Social and environmental barriers discourage many women from pursuing a career in EECS and related technical fields. Many women walk away from the field early on, due to feelings of isolation and a lack of community. To address this challenge, our department began a new student group a year ago called "Systers: Women in EECS @ UTK.” The mission of Systers is to recruit, mentor, and retain women in EECS. This talk will explore the challenges of increasing the number of female students in engineering, along with strategies we are exploring to encourage more women to study areas of EECS.
Water is essential for human health and well-being. In many places, access to water is unequally distributed among households and is both an environmental and social concern. In Baguio City, the Philippines, some families can easily obtain the water that they need. Others struggle and must juggle portfolios of water from many sources such as the public utility, private tanker trucks, neighbors, urban springs, rainfall, and their own greywater. This presentation describes the water situation in a Baguio City neighborhood, highlighting water disparities among households and everyday experiences of water insecurity. Examining how specific financial, physical, and social resources relate to water helps explain who gets water, how, and why. To ensure that all families have the water that they need, social programs and policies are needed alongside infrastructure and technology solutions.
This presentation pulls together insights from three areas of my research, Political Front Group Advertising, Financial Services Marketing and Prescription Drug Advertising. Each of these advertising categories has major personal and societal implications. Yet are consumers able to truly understand what they are seeing in these messages? My research focuses on how consumers make senses of the above mentioned types of messages in order to understand the meaning creation process of various types of consumers and how to empower consumers with the knowledge necessary to be “advertising literate” in these three situations. The research also focuses on the potential societal benefits and dangers of political, financial services and prescription drug advertising, offering insights and suggestions into public policy regarding the use of advertising and marketing communication in these areas.
I assume everyone has moments they were not prepared for and then are not satisfied with what they said or did. These moments of regret can replay in one’s mind creating nagging feelings of unresolvedness or an open loop. I have come up a solution to resolve this difficult situation. In a recent project I created a proxy for that moment by offering people a chance to speak privately with a five-foot opossum in a state of apparent death. Audience members were able to close their loops by redoing unsatisfactory conversations or interactions. After five-minutes the audio of the interaction with the seemingly unaware animal is played back into the gallery giving the speaker the chance to be both the deliverer and receiver of a message. In this talk I will discuss interactive art practices, the use of proxies and the value of opossums.
is embedded in the everyday and has intrinsic value. This design theory contributes
to interior design education by its early introduction. Studying the aesthetics
of the mundane reveals to the student that everything has value: everyday
objects, underserved populations, modestly detailed buildings. Design is for
the masses. Interior design shapes lives in the most fundamental and personal
way. Our collective memory is informed by the built environment, which gives
ordinary objects, like a recycling center or a gallon of milk, a design status
that is not always evident initially. As
designers, we are responsible for explaining to the world the importance of
good design, to promote access to good design as a basic human right. This studio is committed to reconsidering design
through the lens of everyday, recyclable objects. These
items are not collateral damage of an ideatopia; they are design tools for the
future. Photo credit: Joanna Bernardini.
years of laboratory work, Russian-American novelist Vladimir Nabokov made at
least 1,500 scientific drawings of butterfly genitalia and wings—mostly of the
former. In an upcoming book, co-editor
Kurt Johnson and I are presenting 150 of these drawings along with several
essays by various specialists. Nabokov’s
approach to studying butterfly anatomy was characterized by a fascination with the
temporal depth of species, and he imagined using a time machine to describe the
staggered arrival of various old-world species in North and South America. He found that butterfly organs, like novels,
make allusions to one another between species. He also showed that their
microscopic genitalic structures include comically self-referential forms as
well as allusions to entirely unrelated, radically different species. Nabokov’s
literary art displays the same kinds of time-travel, structure and
referentiality that he found in these highly adapted creatures.
Powered flight evolved independently in three
groups of vertebrates. Unfortunately,
the flying reptiles (Pterosaurs) are extinct.
Of the two living groups of flying vertebrates, birds are much better
known than bats. Birds are colorful,
abundant, active in daytime, sing what we perceive of as pretty songs, and rank
high in the popular perceptions of most people.
Bats, in contrast, inhabit the night, their songs are mostly beyond our
hearing and, while they also are abundant, “bat watching” is not a common pastime.
As a rule, bats do not share the “good press” enjoyed by birds. So, what are bats doing up there? How are they doing it? Why should we
care? This talk will address these
questions with some of the latest information on the amazing and unique
abilities of our flying mammals.
Whenever a company hires someone, there is always a risk that the person will not complete his/her tasks with the level of diligence originally anticipated. This idea, that delegated managers may shirk their duties and avoid the hard work required to do an excellent job, is as old as the discipline of economics itself. However, what has largely eluded financial economists to this point is a convincing way to measure the amount of leisure consumed by delegated managers. Using golf play as a measure of leisure, we document that Chief Executive Officers
(CEOs) consume more leisure when they have lower
equity-based incentives (i.e., less “skin” in the game). CEOs who golf
frequently (i.e., those in the top quartile of golf play, who play at least 22
rounds per year) are also associated with firms that have lower operating
performance and firm values. Overall, our analyses support a conclusion that a significant fraction of public company CEOs do not work as hard as they could to maximize returns to shareholders, and that the costs of their leisure consumption to shareholders is substantial.
is a natural and inevitable event that contains the potential to produce both
danger and opportunity. The catalysts for and implications of this paradox are
at the core of the study of the dark side of interpersonal communication.
Wright’s research interests in the positive and negative influences of
relational communication and conflict on well-being have focused on the
investigation of three communication behaviors through which the darker sides
of interpersonal communication can manifest: social confrontation, social
influence, and paradoxical forms of communication. This presentation provides
an overview of her research of these phenomena in close relationships and
instructor-student interactions about grades.
cancer is the third most diagnosed cancer in the U.S. and will result in over
50,000 deaths this year alone. Environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle
play a major role in colorectal cancer susceptibility. Dietary fiber has been
postulated to reduce colorectal cancer incidence. However, human
epidemiological studies as to whether fiber protects against colorectal cancer
have produced controversial results. These human studies have been confounded
by genetic heterogeneity among participants that also results in different
microbiomes and fiber fermentation properties.
Recently, we have found that butyrate, a product resulting from the
bacterial fermentation of fiber in the colon, protects against the formation of
colorectal tumors. Furthermore, we have observed that this protection provided
through a high fiber diet and butyrate is regulated by the metabolism of the
tumor cell. A high fiber dietary intervention represents a plausible,
maintainable, and non-toxic approach to reducing colorectal cancer incidence.
with two of my research students, Stephen Terry and Robert Greenwell, I partnered
with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), a NASA Center of Excellence for
robotic space exploration, in the design and development of the Mars Science
Laboratory (MSL) Quad Operational Amplifier (QOA) microchip. This microchip is
used in the Curiosity’s motor
controller electronics for wheel motors, robotic arm actuator motors, camera
positioning motors, and other functions. Over ninety copies of the QOA
microchip are used on the MSL Mars rover, distributed on the periphery of the Curiosity. The QOA microchips are
exposed to the ambient environment on the Mars surface, subjected daily to
−120°C to +20°C temperature swings. No
commercially available electronic component could meet JPL’s rigorous
requirements, including potential re-use for asteroid missions. This
presentation provides an overview of the past research effort at UT behind the
QOA chip for Mars…and beyond.
electric two-wheelers (e.g., e-bikes) have seen dramatic market growth in
China. With about 150 million sold in the last decade, they are the largest and
most rapid adoption of an alternative fuel vehicle in the history of
motorization. They have disrupted traditional transportation pathways and
provided efficient mobility solutions that are low-cost, emit little pollution,
and displace more harmful motorized modes. This presentation will discuss the
results of some of the research Dr. Cherry has conducted on the role of
electric-powered two-wheelers in China’s transportation system, focusing on
sustainability and safety. In the context of a resurgence in bicycling in the
West, he will also discuss how e-bikes and their derivatives can influence more
sustainable transportation for all in Europe and North America.
provided Wile E. Coyote with the tools and technology he applied in his pursuit
of The Road Runner. While at times these products failed, often times it
was The Coyote’s own misuse that precipitated his regular Saturday morning
mishaps. Qualitative researchers also use technology in the form of
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS) to pursue their
quarry. While the application of CAQDAS seldom results in qualitative
disasters, the landscape of scholarly publications illustrates how little we
really know about its use. Are scholars closing in on their objectives, or are
they running off a cliff? I will share the findings of a collaborative
research study conducted with colleagues from the University of Georgia and the
University of Tasmania, Australia, where we analyzed 763 journal articles to
characterize both who is using two popular CAQDAS programs and how
they are reporting this use.
December 7-13, 2014, over 800 falconers from around the world descended upon
the desert sands of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, to participate in the 3rd
International Festival of Falconry. Recognized and inscribed by UNESCO as
a living human heritage and as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, falconry set the stage for international
falconers, researchers, journalists, photographers, exhibitors, raptor
trainers, experts, and other raptor enthusiasts to share in their passion for
this unique art and sport. Through the support of HH Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed
Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates, HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed
Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE
Armed Forces, and the Cultural Programs and Heritage Festivals Committee, the
festival served as a model of cultural tolerance and appreciation for our
passion for falconry.
The American South – and particularly our corner of it
in East Tennessee – is commonly imagined as insular, isolated, and disconnected
from the larger world. In fact, this is far from true. In this presentation, I
demonstrate how twentieth-century efforts to overcome poverty in the region –
particularly through the Tennessee Valley Authority – came to serve as a model
for accomplishing similar goals in places as far-flung as Mexico, India, and
Afghanistan. After World War II, countless governments in the so-called
"Third World" looked to the Tennessee Valley for lessons in
rationalizing water, land use, and human society, along the way transforming
millions of lives and vast ecologies. East Tennessee, it turns out, has a
global footprint far greater than you may expect!
The transition to college among emerging adults
includes exposure to new cultures and subcultures. Among these is the “college
drinking culture.” We conducted a qualitative content analysis of 242 first
semester undergraduate college students’ written comments to a series of
open-ended questions focused on their perceptions of and expectation for
engaging in this culture. Four groups emerged from our analyses: Non-Endorsers,
Autonomous Drinkers, Have Bought In, and Law Abiders. A greater percentage
of men than women Have Bought In to the college drinking culture. We
also examined how groups varied in their binge drinking experience, which was
significantly higher for those in the Have Bought In group than those in
the other groups. Also, the Autonomous Drinkers group had significantly
greater binge drinking experience than those in the Non-Endorsers and Law
Abiders groups. Implications for alcohol related education and intervention
for first year college students are discussed.
Tornado climatologists rely on a complete dataset of
tornado touchdowns to analyze tornado risk across space and time. The only way
for a tornado to be added to the national database is for it to be witnessed,
reported, and the damage surveyed. Weaker tornadoes especially have a history of
being unseen and underreported. States in Tornado Alley have a larger portion
of tornadoes being observed recently, perhaps in part due to the watchful eyes
of storm chasers that frequent the area. In Tennessee, the number of tornadoes
remaining unobserved is not as clear. The state also has a high rate of killer
tornadoes and the greatest percentage of nocturnal tornadoes in the country.
Recognizing this, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
has prioritized research in the area of tornadogenesis and tornado
vulnerability in the Southeast United States. The VORTEX-Southeast program
launched this month with the goal to better understand tornado formation and
societal risk in this region, with a large part of the social science research
and outreach occurring in Tennessee.
It can be said that dogs have supernatural powers; not
just specialty bred and trained dogs but all dogs—even your untrained
pets. With the extraordinary gift of sensing, dogs rely on this gift to
trust, work, serve, heal, and be present. A dog’s keen hearing and sense
of smell and taste reveal secrets that are not obvious to you. Dogs are aware
of the most intimate knowledge about you including your bodily functions,
romantic and eating habits and yes, even fear, anxiety and sadness. Let’s
examine dog tales and how these tales are true.
How many times have we heard, “I only need to get a 75
on this exam to get (insert grade desired here)”? I’ve heard it throughout my
short career, and a few years ago, I decided to engage in my own version of
“grade calculus”. Examining this generation, we know them to be digitally native,
and many of them engage in various forms of games. From casual games to serious
MMORPG’s, students from this generation are engaged in playing games. After
investigating the dynamics that make games work, and drive people to be engaged
by them, I decided to employ such dynamics in my classroom. Much of this
engagement resides in Kahneman & Tversky’s Prospect Theory which defines
how people behave when these is something to gain or lose. By changing the
language surrounding typical assessments, and altering the grade scale a bit,
students are now in charge of their destiny as they choose what ‘level’ they
would like to pursue in my classes. This presentation will show how game
dynamics from the same games students play outside class can increase their
engagement in class.
Landscapes are the lynchpin of rural communities and
our emphasis here is on land conservation. Past research guiding
conservation efforts has a fragmented view by assuming that the economics
of the rural systems biotic clock will function without the non-economic
parts. Human nature was viewed as decoupled from the non-human.
Furthermore, these efforts have somewhat failed to recognize that we live in a
constantly evolving world that is disturbed by intense human activity
(agriculture) and shifts in climate. Surprisingly, there is no national
modeling framework for the rural environment that could be used to assess
conservation practices while considering, at the same time, complex social and
natural system dynamics. In this research, our long-term vision is
to identify scientifically the ecological, economic, and ethical leverage
points, or metrics, that have the greatest impact on our ability to achieve
conservation goals. Because we live in a continuously evolving world, we
also believe that our biophysiecological dynamic models should be complemented
with decision making tools to examine trade-offs and enhance our ability to
constantly re-evaluate conservation goals. While many regional or local
efforts achieve in part this decision-support function, new opportunities to
take advantage of emerging geoinformatic infrastructure and dynamic modeling
tools that capture human and non-human responses and interactions create the
need for a new modeling paradigm in nearly all agriculture regions of the country.
Guided by Witte’s (1994)
extended parallel process model, this eye-tracking experiment (N = 75) investigates the influence of
different types of visuals (i.e., fear appeal, non-fear appeal, and text only) on
visual attention, perceived threat, perceived efficacy, and behavioral
intention. The results reveal that (1) visual attention (i.e., time spent on visual)
is higher for the fear image than for the non-fear image; (2) both fear and
non-fear visual appeals increase people's perceived threat, and this effect is partially
mediated by their visual attention to the appeals; and (3) for two types of
efficacy (perceived self-efficacy and perceived response efficacy), only perceived
response efficacy moderates the strength of the mediated relationships between
visual attention and behavioral intentions to vaccinate via perceived threat, such
that the mediated relationship is stronger under high response efficacy than
under low response efficacy.
decades of research and anecdotal belief implies students are
hyper-connected, faculty are dis-connected, and the inability of the two to
resolve this digital divide limits learning potential. My research explores
questions about how students use technology in their classroom and extended
learning environments. Specifically, I have focused on how learners interact
with technology and how their learning process is influenced (or not) by such
interactions. In this presentation, I offer some considerations from my work in
international contexts. The findings I share challenged my previous notions about
technology, leading me to reconsider student learning in the “digital” era.
In the early 21st century, we are experiencing a proliferation of crises that the classics of social theory, especially Marx, Durkheim, and Weber, warned us about. Their theories were concerned with the challenge of grasping how the nature of social life in modern societies is characterized at the same time by a bright side and a dark side. Their theories continue to provide a common denominator for sociologists today who are working in diverse traditions -- theoretically, methodologically, and substantively -- to contribute to an up-to-date understanding of dilemmas modern societies, as part of human civilization, confront. Under conditions of globalization, sociology as the social science of modern society is uniquely positioned to scrutinize such challenges as climate change, resource depletion, population growth and financial crises as symptomatic of an on-going process of creative destruction that manifests itself at all levels of social life, from the individual to human civilization.
Before the Earth formed, the Solar System swirled with a large number of small, rocky bodies that later grew into the planets we know today. Most of those rocks were long ago ejected from the Solar System or swallowed by the Sun and planets. A small fraction (but still more than a million) remains today, now known as asteroids, providing an important window through which we can view the earliest history of our planetary neighborhood. Far from benign, however, asteroids have literally impacted the history of the planets, leaving their mark on the geology and biology of Earth. Researchers at UT (faculty and students) are actively involved in remote characterization of asteroids and in NASA’s ongoing and upcoming spacecraft exploration of asteroids. The OSIRIS-REx mission, scheduled to launch on Sept 8, will be NASA’s first attempt to bring samples from an asteroid back to Earth.
From Columbine to
Sandy Hook, individuals around the world have responded to violent mass
shootings publicized in mainstream media by sending expressions of grief and
sympathy—such as letters, flowers, and teddy bears—by the tens and even
hundreds of thousands. Increasingly, there is an expectation that some, if not
all, of the condolence items will be kept or saved.
My research on this
topic, which takes the form of traditional publications, a multimedia
documentary, and a mobile-based web app, explores how this unusual and
unexpected archival task often falls to libraries, what we can learn about our
culture through what we choose to kept or discard following unthinkable
tragedies, and how we can begin to prevent gun violence.
The use of robotics in surgery
has reduced patient recovery times, trauma, and cost for several types of
procedures. However, the impact of this technology is limited by dexterity and
size of current robotic tools, especially for procedures in confined spaces
that are difficult to access. In the REACH robotics lab, we are creating
smaller, stronger, and more dexterous robotic tools for minimally invasive
surgery. Manipulators that use multiple flexible legs which extend, bend,
and twist can provide unique articulated motion through curved access pathways.
Larger versions of these robots can also work alongside humans with inherent
safety due to their lightweight, flexible structure. Demonstration videos of
several robot prototypes will be shown, where student operators control robot
species are disappearing from the planet at an alarming rate, and often these
extinctions are at least in part due to the actions of humans. Charismatic mega-fauna such as elephants,
rhinos and polar bears often make the headlines, but many other less glamourous
species are also facing serious threats.
Three infectious diseases, white nose syndrome, chytridiomycosis, and
snake fungal disease, are currently affecting wildlife populations in North
America. However, the media has focused
little to no attention on these problems when compared to the problems of more
charismatic species. Can humans appreciate
the intrinsic value of all wildlife species?
Can we understand that the health of humans, animals and our ecosystems
are intricately intertwined?
constantly introduce new products in order to reach new customers and increase
revenues. The majority of these new products fail, exposing companies to
significant costs for unsold product. This research focuses on how best
to design new product supply chains to minimize sourcing, production,
transportation, and inventory costs. The core idea is to synchronize the
speed of the supply chain. This optimized approach differs significantly
from existing industrial practice which selects the cheapest supplier
irrespective of speed.
Transportation systems are
woven into the fabric of our daily lives - from meeting desires for individual
mobility to serving trade and commerce related requirements. We now are at a crossroads working with
legacy systems while planning for uncertain future demands. We face numerous
needs and wants, juxtaposed with opportunities afforded by technological
advancements, all of which exist in a setting with a multitude of challenges
and constraints. These include socio-political aspects, and considerations such
as economics, energy, environment, efficiency, expediency, equity, and ethics
(7 Es). This presentation will highlight these with reference to the elements
that constitute transport systems:
users, vehicles, and networks while recognizing safety to be the prime
focus. It will touch upon the balance between individual and societal optima,
the potential role of emerging technologies (e.g., Google car, connected
vehicles and infrastructure), and data-enabled decision support systems to
guide policy and operational strategies for transport systems.
Valuation was introduced into the MAcc curriculum largely in
response to our constituents (i.e., the organizations that hire our students).
New audit, tax, and systems associates are becoming increasingly more likely to
encounter the work done by valuation professionals early in their careers. But
teaching it presents challenges. It is more finance than accounting, it is not
on the CPA exam, and students tend to resist change. This presentation
summarizes my first experience designing and teaching a valuation course for
our MAcc program. I’ll discuss why the course exists and how I approached it.
I’ll cover some of the good, but won’t be afraid to discuss the bad and the
ugly – unfortunately, there was some of both. My presentation could be helpful
for someone contemplating a similar course and for educators seeking a sense
comradery (or schadenfreude) that comes from undertaking a new and somewhat
Expanded professional perspectives, deepened academic
knowledge, and a brand new course are among the many things I bring back to the
University of Tennessee following my recent Fulbright experience in Ljubljana,
Slovenia. It was enriching in every sense of the word. Add my wife and two
school-aged children to the mix and new definitions of the word ‘adventure’
emerge. This presentation surveys our experience Fulbrighting as a
family, its triumphs, tribulations, and tomfoolery that made it the life-changing
experience that it was.
Relationship dysfunction and dissolution are serious public
health issues, as their occurrence increases the likelihood of a number of
mental and physical health problems. Other indirect effects include increased
probability of child abuse and maltreatment, childhood poverty, as well as
lower academic achievement and poorer physical and mental health in children.
Taking into account only the effects of divorce on poverty rates, the United
States is estimated to spend $112 billion dollars per year on costs of family
breakdown. This talk will provide an overview of research on the public health
costs of relationship dysfunction and then discuss a series of studies
demonstrating how brief family-based health interventions provided in a
home-visitation format might be an attractive and efficient strategy to address
multiple public health problems simultaneously.
Sexual minority people (individuals who identify as gay,
lesbian, or bisexual) experience health and health-related disparities compared
to heterosexual people. Excess stress, caused by chronic, cumulative minority
stress occurring in addition to daily life stress and stressful life events, is
the prevailing explanation for health disparities experienced by sexual minority
people. Therefore, eliminating health disparities in these groups requires
addressing stress. Rural sexual minority people may be at the greatest risk for
excess stress due to socially conservative, geographically isolated, qualities
that can characterize rural regions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction
programs have been successful at reducing stress in clinical and nonclinical
groups and may be an individual-level solution for health disparities
experienced by sexual minority people. This presentation will introduce
mindfulness-based stress reduction and its potential value as an
individual-level solution for excess stress among sexual minority people. A
feasibility study with rural sexual minority women will serve as an example.
In this presentation, we will learn how modern day legal
communication continues to be influenced by classical rhetoric. When deployed
effectively, ancient rhetorical concepts produce clear and persuasive messages
in professional legal settings. As old as these concepts are, they are
also uniquely aligned with cognitive scientific understandings for how humans
best process information. Ancient rhetoric, however, is not infallible
and sometimes conflicts with how the real world works and how people really
think. Even though these age-old precepts are imperfect, they have been
retained in our legal culture because they generally produce arguments that the
human mind perceives as rational and intelligent. We will discuss the
ancient rhetoric principles, the modern cognitive science that explains why
these principles work so well, and then consider some concrete examples.
An Android-based communication application, Speak for
Myself™ (SFM), was designed in response to meet the need for improved bedside
communication. It was tested in three South Florida hospitals in an exploratory
feasibility study. Due to the small sample size, further investigation is
needed to produce statistically-significant results. Moreover, SFM supported
Android-based tablets with limited functions and only one voice (male). We
conducted a project aimed at making improvements in SFM for future use in a
randomized controlled trial. Building on the team’s experience in SFM and
expertise in communication, advanced care planning and mHealth we develop a
cross-platform (iOS, Android, Windows, etc.) speech synthesis tool with both
male and female natural sounding voices; incorporated multi-language support;
incorporate advanced care planning items including advanced directives for
healthcare; and enhanced usability through responsive design with an
intelligent predictive engine.
How do we manage illness-related uncertainty in the face of
an unpredictable health trajectory? Is it possible to feel certain, despite
ambiguous health recommendations, opinions, and prognoses? By improving our
ability to communicate about health, we will be better equipped to manage
illness-related challenges and tackle the health uncertainties of the future.
More than 6 billion people worldwide consume milk and
milk products. This highly nutritious food plays an important role in our diets
– containing energy, high quality proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins.
However, the quality and safety of dairy products directly ties to the health,
welfare, and management of the dairy animal supplying the milk. Our research
focuses on ways to boost the immune system of dairy cows to prevent the
development of infections in the mammary gland.
Our research works from very basic – identifying the impact of genetics,
sleep, and stress on the effectiveness of dairy cows to resist infection. Once
known novel strategies can be developed that target these mechanisms and
prevent or treat infections in dairy cattle and other species. Overall, this research leads to adaptations
in management practices that promote healthier cows that produce high quality
and safe milk.
In 1848 Phineas Gage had an accident in which a metal rod
shot through his head, impacting the frontal cortex of his brain. What seemed
like a life threatening event became an icon of the resiliency of the human
brain to recover from trauma in that Gage was able to function well post
trauma. The concept of human resiliency from trauma has surged in recent years
through quality research programs such as the Adverse Childhood Experience
(ACEs) study and lead to evidence based treatment modalities for those who’ve
experienced trauma. The College of Social Work has harnessed this research to
provide MSSW students with a certificate program in Trauma Treatment. Capitalizing
on its trauma treatment knowledge, the college has formed a partnership with
Catholic Charities USA and AmeriCorps to support veterans, a population which
quite often deals with extensive trauma, through a trauma-informed,
peer-to-peer casework program which has yielded positive results for
Can you imagine machines with the
computational power of the brain (some brains at least) implemented at a scale
smaller than the diameter of a human hair? While such extreme examples are
unlikely in the near future, a path is unfolding toward brain-inspired
computers built from electronic devices fabricated at nanometer scales.
Specifically, nanoelectronic memristors (or “memory resistors”) are considered
for new forms of low-power, high-density computing. In this talk, we will
discuss research aimed at implementing brain-inspired systems where the
memristors act as artificial synapses, a key functional element in any neural
network. Results thus far have been promising in that we can model and simulate
networks trained for application areas such as pattern recognition and even
basic control. While we aren't building brains, not yet at least, such
power-efficient brain-inspired systems are expected to enable a range of
applications not easily possible with conventional computers.
For hundreds of years, microbiologists have been growing as many different kinds of microbes as possible in petri dishes. Given this huge effort, it was assumed that most of the major branches of the tree of life had been discovered. However, now we have the technology to read the DNA sequences of every microbe in a drop of water or mud, on the back of our hands, or in a wastewater treatment plant. And, it turns out that we microbiologists have missed many of the large, deeply-rooted branches on the tree of life. These strange microbial cells are likely to be very different from any microbes we’ve ever known. I’ll show my lab’s newest estimates of how abundant they are in different environments, as well as one theory about why some of them have eluded all those efforts to grow them, and what they might be doing to help/hurt the Arctic.
Social media have created a reverberating “echoverse” for brand communication, forming complex feedback loops (“echoes”) between the “universe” of corporate communications, news media, and user-generated social media. In this presentation, Dr. Kelly Hewett will present the results of a study that aimed to understand these feedback loops using a comprehensive dataset including corporate communications, news stories, social media word of mouth, and business outcomes. She will describe how the nature of brand communications has been transformed by online technology as corporate communications move increasingly from one-to-many (e.g., advertising) to one-to-one (e.g., Twitter) while consumer word-of-mouth moves from one-to-one (e.g., conversations) to one-to-many (e.g., social media). Effective company strategies for managing this complex environment include the increased use of social media (e.g., Twitter) for personalized customer responses; although there is still a role for traditional brand communications, e.g., press releases and advertising.
As faculty across the university are being asked to integrate more experiential learning into the curriculum, we must work with numerous community partners — such as governmental, non-profit and/or media organizations — to create meaningful projects that simulate a real-world environment and have impact. This presentation will outline practical concerns, benefits, and takeaways of working with community partners to create courses or class projects using this style of engaged pedagogy.
At times, academics express difficulty communicating their research and ideas to the general public. Improvisational theater activities can foster a space where academics become more aware of their own speech, body, and behaviors in order to observe, listen, and respond to their environment. Participating in such games encourages academics to communicate directly both inside and outside the classroom. Additionally, learning to be more extemporaneous transforms academics to teach and present in a confident manner where they don't feel the need to follow a script, which in turn, results in an audience-focused presentation. Improv allows academics to “yes-and” a scene, transforming how they observe their environment and communicate while engaging audiences (i.e. students, conference attendees, faculty) in a way that is approachable, creative, and playful! Most importantly, improvisation offers a framework where academics can let go of “self-judgment” and learn to trust their best, most creative, most confident, authentic self.
Marks in books, known as marginalia, can make every copy of the same book unique. Who owned this book in the past? What notes did each person make in the margins? Where has the volume traveled? This presentation will highlight marginalia in UT Libraries’ Shaheen Antiquarian Bible Collection. Acquired in 2011, its 250 volumes include Bibles from the 16th through 20th centuries and were used by Shakespeare scholar Naseeb Shaheen to trace the Bard’s many uses of early modern Bible translations. In an effort to emphasize the unique histories of books as objects and occasional canvases for human interaction, two UT librarians investigated the Shaheen collection for evidence of readers’ handwritten marginalia and ownership marks through the centuries. Revealed are some of the ways that these particular books have been cherished and abused, for reasons both spiritual and earthly.
The CARES (Canine Arthritis Rehabilitation Exercise and Sports Medicine) Service at the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine treats service and working dogs to help keep them functioning at the highest possible level. Each spring, we perform physical examinations on these special animals that provide great benefit to society. These evaluations have allowed us to identify and treat conditions which might affect their performance in the future. In addition, we also provide advanced care for dogs with serious injuries. Recently, we had the opportunity to treat a special military working dog. Layka had suffered severe injuries while protecting soldiers working overseas, resulting in the loss of one of her front legs. After being adopted by her handler, she sustained an injury to her other front leg, requiring specialized treatment at the CARES center. Layka’s successful road to recovery certainly had its twists and turns.
Detecting loose nukes is a very difficult problem. This involves both protecting one's borders-- land, air, and sea-- and having the capability to find a loose nuke in a particular search area. The Rad IDEAS group (radideas.utk.edu) at UTK works mainly on new technologies to address this challenge. This includes new scanning systems for ports of entry and wearable, trailer-based, or autonomous systems capable of searching for materials like uranium and plutonium.