Exploring the Effects of Visual Appeals in an HPV Prevention Campaign: An Eye-Tracking StudyElizabeth (Beth) Avery FosterCollege of Communication and Information
Guided by Witte’s (1994)
extended parallel process model, this eye-tracking experiment (N = 75) investigates the influence of
different types of visuals (i.e., fear appeal, non-fear appeal, and text only) on
visual attention, perceived threat, perceived efficacy, and behavioral
intention. The results reveal that (1) visual attention (i.e., time spent on visual)
is higher for the fear image than for the non-fear image; (2) both fear and
non-fear visual appeals increase people's perceived threat, and this effect is partially
mediated by their visual attention to the appeals; and (3) for two types of
efficacy (perceived self-efficacy and perceived response efficacy), only perceived
response efficacy moderates the strength of the mediated relationships between
visual attention and behavioral intentions to vaccinate via perceived threat, such
that the mediated relationship is stronger under high response efficacy than
under low response efficacy.
Re:Learning, Technology, and College StudentsPatrick Biddix College of Education, Health, and Human Sciences
decades of research and anecdotal belief implies students are
hyper-connected, faculty are dis-connected, and the inability of the two to
resolve this digital divide limits learning potential. My research explores
questions about how students use technology in their classroom and extended
learning environments. Specifically, I have focused on how learners interact
with technology and how their learning process is influenced (or not) by such
interactions. In this presentation, I offer some considerations from my work in
international contexts. The findings I share challenged my previous notions about
technology, leading me to reconsider student learning in the “digital” era.
For a Strong Program of Theoretical Sociology in the 21st Century: How Marx, Durkheim, and Weber Continue to Be RelevantHarry F. DahmsArts and Sciences
In the early 21st century, we are experiencing a proliferation of crises that the classics of social theory, especially Marx, Durkheim, and Weber, warned us about. Their theories were concerned with the challenge of grasping how the nature of social life in modern societies is characterized at the same time by a bright side and a dark side. Their theories continue to provide a common denominator for sociologists today who are working in diverse traditions -- theoretically, methodologically, and substantively -- to contribute to an up-to-date understanding of dilemmas modern societies, as part of human civilization, confront. Under conditions of globalization, sociology as the social science of modern society is uniquely positioned to scrutinize such challenges as climate change, resource depletion, population growth and financial crises as symptomatic of an on-going process of creative destruction that manifests itself at all levels of social life, from the individual to human civilization.
Exploring Asteroids: A Window into Solar System HistoryJosh EmeryArts and Sciences
Before the Earth formed, the Solar System swirled with a large number of small, rocky bodies that later grew into the planets we know today. Most of those rocks were long ago ejected from the Solar System or swallowed by the Sun and planets. A small fraction (but still more than a million) remains today, now known as asteroids, providing an important window through which we can view the earliest history of our planetary neighborhood. Far from benign, however, asteroids have literally impacted the history of the planets, leaving their mark on the geology and biology of Earth. Researchers at UT (faculty and students) are actively involved in remote characterization of asteroids and in NASA’s ongoing and upcoming spacecraft exploration of asteroids. The OSIRIS-REx mission, scheduled to launch on Sept 8, will be NASA’s first attempt to bring samples from an asteroid back to Earth.
Response to the Unthinkable: Grief, Memorialization, & Violence Prevention Ashley MaynorLibraries
From Columbine to
Sandy Hook, individuals around the world have responded to violent mass
shootings publicized in mainstream media by sending expressions of grief and
sympathy—such as letters, flowers, and teddy bears—by the tens and even
hundreds of thousands. Increasingly, there is an expectation that some, if not
all, of the condolence items will be kept or saved.
My research on this
topic, which takes the form of traditional publications, a multimedia
documentary, and a mobile-based web app, explores how this unusual and
unexpected archival task often falls to libraries, what we can learn about our
culture through what we choose to kept or discard following unthinkable
tragedies, and how we can begin to prevent gun violence.
Movement and Meaning, a Sculptural PursuitJohn Powers Arts and Sciences
Sculpture historically has been associated with statuary and architecture, though the last century and a half has seen rapid and extensive expansion of what art is, how it is made and what it can do. The discipline of sculpture in particular has grown, reaching beyond traditional materials like stone, wood and bronze to encompass virtually any physical material as well as “non-materials” like light, sound and motion. Considering the unique and special possibilities of time and literal physical movement as compositional elements, I will share both historical examples as well as my own work as we explore movement as a vehicle for meaning in sculpture.
Flexible, Multi-Legged RobotsCaleb RuckerEngineering
The use of robotics in surgery
has reduced patient recovery times, trauma, and cost for several types of
procedures. However, the impact of this technology is limited by dexterity and
size of current robotic tools, especially for procedures in confined spaces
that are difficult to access. In the REACH robotics lab, we are creating
smaller, stronger, and more dexterous robotic tools for minimally invasive
surgery. Manipulators that use multiple flexible legs which extend, bend,
and twist can provide unique articulated motion through curved access pathways.
Larger versions of these robots can also work alongside humans with inherent
safety due to their lightweight, flexible structure. Demonstration videos of
several robot prototypes will be shown, where student operators control robot
Epidemics of the Less Glamourous Marcy SouzaVeterinary Medicine
species are disappearing from the planet at an alarming rate, and often these
extinctions are at least in part due to the actions of humans. Charismatic mega-fauna such as elephants,
rhinos and polar bears often make the headlines, but many other less glamourous
species are also facing serious threats.
Three infectious diseases, white nose syndrome, chytridiomycosis, and
snake fungal disease, are currently affecting wildlife populations in North
America. However, the media has focused
little to no attention on these problems when compared to the problems of more
charismatic species. Can humans appreciate
the intrinsic value of all wildlife species?
Can we understand that the health of humans, animals and our ecosystems
are intricately intertwined?
Employing Analytics to Configure New Product Supply ChainsSean WillemsHaslam College of Business
constantly introduce new products in order to reach new customers and increase
revenues. The majority of these new products fail, exposing companies to
significant costs for unsold product. This research focuses on how best
to design new product supply chains to minimize sourcing, production,
transportation, and inventory costs. The core idea is to synchronize the
speed of the supply chain. This optimized approach differs significantly
from existing industrial practice which selects the cheapest supplier
irrespective of speed.
Planes, Trains, and Automobiles…..and ??: Some Points to Ponder About TransportationShashi NambisanEngineering
Transportation systems are
woven into the fabric of our daily lives - from meeting desires for individual
mobility to serving trade and commerce related requirements. We now are at a crossroads working with
legacy systems while planning for uncertain future demands. We face numerous
needs and wants, juxtaposed with opportunities afforded by technological
advancements, all of which exist in a setting with a multitude of challenges
and constraints. These include socio-political aspects, and considerations such
as economics, energy, environment, efficiency, expediency, equity, and ethics
(7 Es). This presentation will highlight these with reference to the elements
that constitute transport systems:
users, vehicles, and networks while recognizing safety to be the prime
focus. It will touch upon the balance between individual and societal optima,
the potential role of emerging technologies (e.g., Google car, connected
vehicles and infrastructure), and data-enabled decision support systems to
guide policy and operational strategies for transport systems.